To be able to fulfill the needs of health for everyone, every country in the world has their own healthcare systems. Each condition need to be treated according to their severity and complexity. In this article, we will elaborate briefly about the general healthcare types to accommodate these needs.
Here are the explanation of the main types of healthcare.
- Tertiary healthcare: it is better known as a specified consultative healthcare. Most of the patients are either inpatients or referred from the secondary and primary healthcare to get more advanced medical examination and treatment. Several examples of tertiary healthcare are neurosurgery, cancer management, complex surgical and medical interventions, cardiac surgery, burn treatment, plastic surgery, and many more. The key provider of this service is the National and Regional Hospital.
- Secondary healthcare: this type of healthcare is given by specialist and medical practitioners that have no immediate contact with the patients, such as cardiologists, dermatologists, urologist, and more. To get service from secondary healthcare, a patient shall receive a referral from the primary healthcare first. However, this system heavily depends on the countrys policy regarding healthcare system. The key providers of this healthcare are country health system and district health system.
- Primary healthcare: the main objective of this healthcare is to provide immediate care to the patients. Most of the medical practitioners in this healthcare are generalist that deal with a wide range of social, physical, and psychological problems within the communities. The number keeps on increasing in line with the elevating number of productive ages that have bigger risks in chronic non-communicable diseases, such as depression, anxiety, hypertension, asthma, diabetes, etc.
Those are some brief explanation about general healthcare types. However, each country may have different healthcare types, depending on their healthcare policies. Thus, you may need to read further to their regulations to understand better.